Wednesday, March 22, 2023

Ramadan 1444 AH will begin in most of the countries of the world on Thursday, 23rd March 2023

Ramadan 1444 AH will begin in most of the countries of the world on Thursday, 23rd March 2023



Alhamdulillah! Ramadan 1444 AH will begin in most of the countries of the world on Thursday, 23rd March 2023.

(Based on:

1. “If on the 29th day of the lunar month the two following conditions are satisfied, then the next day is the first day of the new lunar month:

1.     The geocentric conjunction occurs before sunset.

2.     The moon sets after the sun.

Otherwise, the current lunar month will last 30 days. ” - Rules for the Umm al-Qura calendar.


2. The criteria are that after conjunction somewhere on the globe, at local sunset, the angle between sun and moon should be at least 8° and moon should be at least 5° above horizon. If these conditions are met, the month starts the next day; otherwise the month starts on the day following next day. )


We wish all our viewers “Ramada Kareem” !


Today is 30th Saban 1444 AH based on above criteria. So, there is no necessary to find waxing crescent for month calculation.


The Astronomical New Moon (conjunction) was on Tuesday, 21st March, 2023 at 17:22.47 UT. On 21st March, 2023 the waxing crescent could not be seen anywhere in the world. But on 22nd March, 2023 the waxing crescent can be seen easily in Africa and Americas, but can be seen with difficulty in parts of Europe and Far-East.


So, the month of Saban 1444 AH will complete 30 days and the first day of Ramadan 1444 AH will be the day of Thursday, 23rd  March 2023.


Some countries of the world declared first day of Ramadan on 21st  March or 24th  March 2023 based on false local waxing crescent sighting or the declaration of local waxing crescent sighting.


On the occasion of the difference and disagreement in the timing of this year's celebration of Ramadan in the Islamic countries which reached three days that this matter is regrettable time when modern science, particularly astronomy, has reached a high degree of advancement and precision.

One of the objectives of Islamic religious seasons and feasts is that they are occasions for celebration, reflection and rapprochement of hearts among Muslims in all countries in specific common times. This unity appears also in the form of these celebrations which have a great impact on the unity of feelings and positions.

It seems that these religious occasions have recently become occasions reflecting the division of Muslims instead of their unity with a negative impact on others image about them. This is indeed a huge mistake that runs contrary to the objectives of religion as regards these sacred occasions.

Organization of Islamic Countries : OIC has addressed this issue since the 1980s examined it in various meetings and adopted numerous resolutions In view of the abovementioned considerations he will request the International Islamic Fiah Academy - in its new framework – to reconsider the standardization of the Islamic calendar proceeding from the provisions of religion and the constant principles of modem science with a view to adopting a unified global Islamic calendar in all Muslim countries. This will reflect the unity of Muslims during their feasts and celebrations.

We appeal to the religious and official authorities in the Muslim world to collaborate with the OIC to put an end to division and disagreement in this regard.




Now, we have to implement to the following resolution on the Unified Hijri Calendar of OIC.





Taking into account the pressing need for the unification and standardization of the Hijri Calendar which will reflect the unity of Muslims during the feasts and celebrations;

Taking note of the conclusions of the scientific symposium on unifying the Hijri Calendar held in Tunis on 11 June 2009 in presence of the OIC General Secretariat, the International Islamic Fiqh Academy and the Member States, which include the following:

 Take into account scientific facts and fixed and accurate astronomical calculations.


Need to rely on vision while making use of astronomical calculations and observatories and to Make use of Al-Shahid System of the Tunisian Scientist Mohamed Al Awsat Al-Iyari.


Taking also note of the International Conference of the Unity of Hijri Calendar, hosted by the Turkish Administration of Religious Affairs (Diyanet) in May 2016 in Istanbul to which scientists, astronomers and officials from around 50 countries attended.


Recalling all previous resolutions supporting Dar Al-Iftaa in implementing the satellite project in cooperation with Cairo University and the Center for Aerospace Studies and Consulting in the Arab Republic of Egypt, and stressing the importance of implementing the project proposed 15 years ago with the aim of unifying the Hijra calendar in Islamic countries as an embodiment of their unity;


1. Calls on OIC Member States and institutions and civil society organizations to financially contribute towards the establishment and manufacturing of the Islamic satellite.

2. Requests the Secretary General to take all necessary measures in this regard in coordination with Dar al-IftaaAl-Misriyhah with a view to starting the effective implementation of this project.

3. Calls upon all the Member States and Islamic institutions to implement previous resolutions to support the Fatwa Institution in implementing the satellite project with the cooperation of University of Cairo and Centre for Space Studies and Consultations in the Arab Republic of Egypt, and through cooperation with Turkish Administration of Religious Affairs (Diyanet).

4. Takes into consideration the efforts exerted by the United Arab Emirates to achieve the unity of Muslim countries through the two meetings of the sharia scholars and astronomers held in (1438/2016– 1439/2017) that agreed to the unification of the Hijri calendar."

5. Requests the Secretary-General to follow up the issues incorporated in this resolution and report thereon to the 46th Session of the Council of Foreign Ministers.

Source :

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Update: Thursday, 22nd March 2023, 1.00 PM GMT, 4.00PM Mecca Time.